Dart Web Development: Best Practices

Are you looking to build fast, efficient, and scalable web applications? Look no further than Dart, a powerful programming language that has been gaining popularity in recent years. With its clean syntax, strong typing, and excellent tooling, Dart is a great choice for web development.

But like any programming language, there are best practices that you should follow to ensure that your Dart web applications are performant, maintainable, and secure. In this article, we'll explore some of the best practices for Dart web development, including:

Using a Web Framework

One of the first decisions you'll need to make when building a Dart web application is which web framework to use. While it's possible to build a web application from scratch using only the Dart SDK, most developers choose to use a web framework to simplify the development process and take advantage of pre-built components.

There are several web frameworks available for Dart, including:

Each of these frameworks has its own strengths and weaknesses, so it's important to choose the one that best fits your needs. Some factors to consider when choosing a web framework include:

Once you've chosen a web framework, you can start building your application using the framework's APIs and components. This will save you time and effort compared to building everything from scratch.

Writing Efficient Code

Efficiency is key when it comes to web development, as slow applications can lead to frustrated users and lost revenue. To ensure that your Dart web application is as efficient as possible, there are several best practices you should follow.

Use Asynchronous Programming

Dart is designed to be a highly asynchronous language, which means that it's optimized for handling multiple tasks at once. Asynchronous programming allows your application to continue running while it waits for I/O operations to complete, which can greatly improve performance.

To take advantage of asynchronous programming in Dart, you should use the async and await keywords to write asynchronous code. This will allow your application to handle multiple requests at once without blocking the event loop.

Minimize Object Allocation

Object allocation can be a performance bottleneck in Dart, especially in high-traffic web applications. To minimize object allocation, you should avoid creating unnecessary objects and reuse objects whenever possible.

One way to minimize object allocation is to use immutable data structures, such as List and Map, instead of mutable ones. Immutable data structures can be shared between threads without the need for locking, which can improve performance.

Optimize Your Code

Finally, you should optimize your code to ensure that it runs as efficiently as possible. This can include:

By following these best practices, you can ensure that your Dart web application runs as efficiently as possible.

Testing Your Code

Testing is an essential part of any software development process, and Dart web development is no exception. By testing your code, you can catch bugs early and ensure that your application is working as expected.

There are several testing frameworks available for Dart, including:

These frameworks allow you to write unit tests, integration tests, and end-to-end tests for your Dart web application. By writing tests for your code, you can ensure that it's working as expected and catch bugs before they make it into production.

Securing Your Application

Security is a critical concern for any web application, and Dart web development is no exception. To ensure that your application is secure, there are several best practices you should follow.


HTTPS is a protocol for secure communication over the internet, and it's essential for any web application that handles sensitive data. By using HTTPS, you can ensure that data is encrypted in transit and prevent man-in-the-middle attacks.

To use HTTPS in your Dart web application, you'll need to obtain an SSL certificate and configure your web server to use HTTPS. Many web frameworks, such as Aqueduct and Angel, have built-in support for HTTPS.

Validate User Input

User input is a common attack vector for web applications, as attackers can use it to inject malicious code or steal sensitive data. To prevent these attacks, you should validate all user input and sanitize it before using it in your application.

One way to validate user input is to use a validation library, such as validators. This library provides functions for validating email addresses, URLs, and other common input types.

Use Authentication and Authorization

Authentication and authorization are essential for any web application that requires users to log in or access restricted content. To implement authentication and authorization in your Dart web application, you can use a library such as angel_auth.

By following these best practices, you can ensure that your Dart web application is secure and protected against common attacks.

Deploying Your Application

Once you've built and tested your Dart web application, it's time to deploy it to a production environment. There are several options for deploying Dart web applications, including:

When choosing a deployment option, you should consider factors such as cost, scalability, and ease of use. Cloud hosting providers are often a good choice for web applications, as they offer scalability and easy deployment options.

To deploy your Dart web application, you'll need to package it as a standalone executable or a Docker container. Many web frameworks, such as Aqueduct and Angel, have built-in support for packaging and deploying applications.


Dart web development offers a powerful and efficient way to build web applications. By following best practices such as using a web framework, writing efficient code, testing your code, securing your application, and deploying your application, you can ensure that your Dart web application is performant, maintainable, and secure. So why not give Dart a try for your next web development project?

Additional Resources

startup.gallery - startups, showcasing various new promising startups
tacticalroleplaying.games - tactical roleplaying games
trainingclass.dev - online software engineering and cloud courses
datamigration.dev - data migration across clouds, on prem, data movement, database migration, cloud, datalake and lakehouse implementations
handsonlab.dev - hands on learnings using labs, related to software engineering, cloud deployment, networking and crypto
ontology.video - ontologies, taxonomies
kidsbooks.dev - kids books
cryptoapi.cloud - integrating with crypto apis from crypto exchanges, and crypto analysis, historical data sites
defimarket.dev - the defi crypto space
jupyter.app - cloud notebooks using jupyter, best practices, python data science and machine learning
buildquiz.com - A site for making quizzes and flashcards to study and learn. knowledge management.
datacatalog.app - managing ditital assets across the organization using a data catalog which centralizes the metadata about data across the organization
docker.show - docker containers
bestadventure.games - A list of the best adventure games across different platforms
crates.dev - curating, reviewing and improving rust crates
studylab.dev - learning software engineering and cloud concepts
whatsthebest.app - discovering the best software or cloud tool in its class
costcalculator.dev - calculating total cloud costs, and software costs across different clouds, software, and hardware options
learnaws.dev - learning AWS
bestonlinecourses.app - free online higher education, university, college, courses like the open courseware movement

Written by AI researcher, Haskell Ruska, PhD (haskellr@mit.edu). Scientific Journal of AI 2023, Peer Reviewed